The Lieutenant Governor is elected jointly with the Governor with a single vote of each voter applying to both offices. The Lieutenant Governor must have the same qualifications for office as the Governor and is President of the State Senate. The Lieutenant Governor has additional statutory duties that include service on the Board of Trustees of the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry and the State Defense Council. The Lieutenant Governor also serves on the Court for the trial of Impeachments when he or she is not a subject of the trial.
The Lieutenant Governor may be impeached by a majority vote of the Assembly. The Lieutenant Governor may be removed after trial and conviction by a two-thirds vote of the Court for the Trial of Impeachments.
If the Governor shall decline to serve or die after his or her election but before having assumed the Office of Governor, the person elected Lieutenant Governor at the same election shall serve as Governor for the full term for which that Governor-elect was elected.
In case of vacancy in the Office of Governor, the Lieutenant Governor shall assume the powers and duties of the office of Governor for the remainder of the term. A vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor may be filled by the Governor. If there is a temporary vacancy in the office of Lieutenant Governor the President Pro-Tempore of the Senate, shall perform all duties of the Lieutenant Governor during such vacancy.
If there is a vacancy in both the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor, both vacancies shall be filled for the remainder of the terms at the next general election happening not less than three months after the vacancy in the office of Governor occurs. The President Pro-Tempore of the Senate shall perform all duties of Lieutenant Governor and shall act as Governor.