The legislative power of the State is vested in the Senate and Assembly. A Senator or Member of the Assembly must be a citizen of the United States, a resident of the State for five years, and of the Assembly or Senate district for the twelve months immediately preceding election.
No member of the Legislature shall, during the time for which he or she was elected, receive any civil appointment from the Governor, the Governor and Senate, the Legislature, or from any city government, to an office which shall have been created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time. A member of the Legislature may, however, be appointed Commissioner of Deeds or to any office in which he or she shall receive no compensation.
The first meeting of each regular session of the Senate and Assembly is held on the first Wednesday after the first Monday in January. Each House is the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members. Vacancies are filled by the people for the unexpired term at a special election to be called by the Governor or at the next general election, but no special election shall be held unless such vacancy occurs after April 1 and a special session of the Legislature is called to meet before the next general election, or be called after September 19 of such year.